Salivary gland cancer treatment
Salivary gland cancer is a poorly studied tumour type that rarely occurs. Risk factors include age, long-term smoking, exposure to radiation, and Epstein-Barr virus. In the treatment, doctors use surgery, radiosurgery, radiation therapy, and modern types of chemotherapy and targeted drugs for possible metastases.
Salivary gland cancer develops from the tissues of the large or small glands that produce saliva. These formations are located in different places of the oral cavity and tissues of the oropharynx. Therefore, cancer localisation may differ in the submandibular gland or the sublingual gland.
People often suffer from the disease due to their occupation (contact with various harmful chemical compounds: cement and asbestos). Epstein-Barr virus infection may also have a negative impact. The condition is generally diagnosed rarely in medical practice: about one person per 100,000 population. It is 1% of all oncological tumours.
Salivary gland tumour is often asymptomatic and detected only in the last stages. However, the symptoms can occur if the tumour is located near the nerves. The following changes may indicate salivary gland malignancy:
- Sensory disturbance or its complete absence in the area of the face and neck, in the mouth;
- Weakness of facial muscles;
- The presence of lumps and ulcers in the area of tumour location;
- Persistent pain in the throat for an unknown reason.
Endocrine oncology can cause the spread of metastases, which are carried throughout the body with the bloodstream. Therefore, combined therapy is mainly used for the treatment. At the same time, doctors perform surgery, radiofrequency ablation (RFA), radiotherapy (CyberKnife and GammaKnife) and administer chemo drugs (including local chemotherapy).
On average, 75% of patients cross the 10-year threshold. However, when detected at the first stage, the prognosis is higher - more than 90%. In addition, 40% of people successfully overcome the disease at the fourth stage.
Where can I get Salivary gland cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Salivary gland cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Salivary gland cancer?
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Barbara Wollenberg from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Klaus Dietrich from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Stefan Eber from M1 Private Clinic Munich