Urinary tract infection treatment

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As a rule, urinary tract infections are common inflammatory diseases caused by bacteria. Problems with urination, pain and fever accompany UTIs. They are dangerous and can generate life-threatening complications. So doctors prescribe antibiotics and, in some cases, surgery to correct the underlying cause.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an inflammation of the urinary tract. Accordingly, urologists distinguish between upper (kidney - pyelonephritis, ureters - ureteritis) and lower urinary tract infections (bladder - cystitis, urethra - urethritis).

Due to the short urethra, women are particularly affected by urinary tract disorders. Statistically, 10 out of 25 women and 3 out of 25 men have at least one episode of UTI during their lifetime.

Sometimes the disease spreads up the urinary system. Rarely, the infection also affects the upper urinary tract, i.e. the ureters. Under certain circumstances, ascending infection can even reach the kidneys and cause pyelonephritis. Upper UTIs can have serious complications (urosepsis or kidney failure).

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What are the causes of UTIs

Bacteria almost always cause urinary tract infections. Germs can reach the urinary tract, for example, with poor hygiene.

Other causes of UTI are as follows:

  • Decreased estrogen levels;
  • During intercourse;
  • Uterus prolapse;
  • Bladder injury;
  • Kidney stones;
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (in men);
  • Some medications (antibiotics, for example);
  • Drinking small amounts of water. The bladder rarely empties, which contributes to the development of infection.

Symptoms associated with urinary tract infection

UTIs can cause various signs. Typical urinary tract infection symptoms are:

  • Pain and burning when urinating;
  • Lower abdominal pain;
  • The urgent urge to urinate;
  • Urinary incontinence;
  • Frequent urination;
  • Nighttime urination;
  • Difficulty urinating;
  • Blood in the urine;
  • Weakness.

In severe cases, fever also can be present. If the infection ascends to the kidneys, a typical symptom of the disease is pain in the side, and nausea and vomiting are possible.

Diagnostic test

Usually, the diagnosis of urinary tract infections is not tricky. However, if a patient has typical complaints and doctors suspect a UTI, they do urine and blood tests.

  • Urinalysis is needed to identify the bacteria and prescribe antibiotics. In addition, a special test strip analyzes urine for inflammation presence.
  • A blood test also shows whether there is inflammation.

Additional imaging methods include:

  • Ultrasound of the urinary system shows changes in organs and developmental anomalies, whether there are bladder stones or kidney inflammation. The examination is practical because it shows the complications of the disease (kidney abscess or perirenal abscess).
  • A cystoscopy uses a device with a camera passed through the urethra to look at the bladder (the presence of inflammation or fistulas).

In severe cases, doctors resort to computed tomography and x-rays of the urinary tract with contrast. These methods produce more accurate images.

What is the treatment for UTI?

Most urinary tract infections usually heal after a few days. Drinking plenty of water and frequent urination help flush out bacteria. In addition, anti-inflammatory drugs relieve inflammation and pain and reduce fever.

Antibiotics are necessary for complicated UTIs; there is a risk that the disease will spread further to the kidneys.

Among other things, physicians recommend the following:

  • Drinking enough water;
  • Healthy food;
  • Hygiene before and after sexual intercourse;
  • Avoid hypothermia.

Postmenopausal women with UTIs are helped by hormone replacement with estrogen. However, in cases of complications (perinephric abscess, vesicointestinal fistula, vesicoureteral reflux and others), urologists perform surgical operations.

Prognosis

Urinary tract infections usually have a good prognosis if no complications occur. Often, with a simple infection, the symptoms resolve within 1-2 days. But unfortunately, UTIs come back often and sometimes regularly, especially in women.

FAQ

Can urinary tract infections reoccur?

Unfortunately, yes. The data show that urinary tract infections return on average in 38% of cases and most often in women. It is usually due to hypothermia or poor hygiene.

How to get rid of urinary tract infections?

Most urinary tract infections are treated with drugs. Antibiotics and anti-inflammatories are effective. In addition, drinking plenty of water and regular hygiene help fight disease.

What type of clinics should I search for UTI treatment?

Urinary tract infections should be treated in specialized urology clinics, as they can cause severe consequences. In addition, these hospitals have modern techniques to quickly and painlessly treat UTIs.

Is antibiotic treatment the only option for urinary tract infections?

Doctors treat urinary tract infections primarily with drug therapy. In addition to antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs are helpful, as well as hygiene and water drinking. In the most severe cases, urologists perform surgery.

What alternative treatment is available for UTI?

If standard therapy doesn't prove effective for a urinary tract infection, doctors use alternative treatments, e.g. giving intravenous antibiotics.

Where can I get Urinary tract infection treatment?

Germany, Israel, Turkey, Spain, Poland are among the best for Urinary tract infection treatment.

7 countries and 21 cities for Urinary tract infection