Nephroptosis is a rare condition when the kidney falls into the pelvis. In some cases, nephroptosis can cause intense back pain and blood in the urine. Doctors recommend lifestyle correction and diet in the initial stages. Later modern laparoscopic surgery (nephropexy) is required.
Nephroptosis is a condition when the kidney drops down from its normal position. Usually, the kidney descends into the large or small pelvis. As a result, urologists diagnose left-sided or right-sided nephroptosis or displacement of both kidneys.
There are several explanations for this disease:
- Sharp weight loss;
- Infectious diseases;
- Lumbar trauma leading to ligament ruptures;
- Physical overstrain and carrying heavy objects;
- Complicated or multiple pregnancies, protracted labour;
- Congenital disorders of the kidney location;
- Too fast body development (in teenagers).
Patients complain of hurting pain in the lower abdomen and back. It is because, with nephroptosis, the kidneys do not function properly, which leads to high blood pressure. Sometimes the disease can cause pain in the genitals. Also, other symptoms include loss of appetite, diarrhoea or constipation.
Serious complications can develop in patients due to nephroptosis: arterial hypertension, urinary infection, stones and renal colic.
Urologists detect the disease during kidney ultrasound and X-ray examinations (urography).
If nephroptosis is diagnosed at the initial stage, conservative (drug) therapy and wearing a special belt bandage are possible treatment options. In addition, urology doctors prescribe diet and physiotherapy. Finally, patients should undergo regular examinations by a urologist, laboratory tests and kidney ultrasounds every six months.
In a complicated form, doctors perform surgery to return the kidney to its place. Such an operation is called nephropexy. The surgeon returns the organ to the right place and fixes it, guaranteeing reliable kidney retention. Nephropexy can be performed as an open surgery or laparoscopically (through small punctures with the help of an endoscopy).
Where can I get Nephroptosis treatment?
What are the best clinics for Nephroptosis treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Nephroptosis?
Prof. Dr. med. Jurgen Gschwend from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. Torremade Barreda Josep from Teknon Medical Centre Barcelona
Dr. Luis Garcia Aparicio from Teknon Medical Centre Barcelona
Prof. Dr. med. Martin Kriegmair from Urological Clinic Munich-Planegg
Prof. Dr. med. Laszlo Kovacs from Urological Clinic Munich-Planegg