Colorectal cancer treatment
Colorectal cancer is a general name for malignant neoplasms in the colon and rectum. Around 90% of cases can be considered preventable using modern diagnostic methods. Specialists combine surgical removal (classic, laparoscopic or robotic) with chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Colorectal cancer is a malignant disease of the colon and rectum. According to the types of tumour, the following forms are distinguished:
- Exophytic - the tumour grows mainly in the intestinal lumen;
- Endophytic - the tumour grows in the thickness of the intestinal wall;
- Mixed - the combination of exophytic and endophytic forms.
Hereditary cases of the disease occur in 8-20% and are caused by genetic disorders and gene mutations. In such cases, the disease develops, as a rule, at a young age and has a worse prognosis. Other risk factors include:
- Chronic inflammatory diseases of the colon (colitis, ulcerative lesions, Crohn's disease);
- The predominance of red meat in the diet;
- Overweight and insufficient physical activity;
- Bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol).
The main signs and symptoms of colorectal cancer:
- Increased fatigue and weakness, decreased appetite and sleep disturbances;
- Nausea, vomiting and a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen;
- Intestinal disorders: increased gas production, diarrhoea or constipation, periodic severe abdominal pain;
- Mucous and bloody discharge from the anus;
- Constant cutting pain in the rectum, without excretion of faeces.
The main treatment option is surgical removal simultaneously with the surrounding damaged intestine and lymph nodes. The surgeons perform classic open surgery, laparoscopic (through tiny holes) or minimally invasive Da Vinci's robotic colorectal surgery.
In most cases, oncologists offer radiation (brachytherapy) or chemotherapy before and after surgical intervention. In addition, modern treatment includes immunotherapy (to activate a patient's immune system against cancer) and targeted therapy (which affects particular malignant substances).
Where can I get Colorectal cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Colorectal cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Colorectal cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Roland M. Schmid from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Friess from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Jens Werner from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Julia Mayerle from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich