Ewing's sarcoma treatment
Ewing's sarcomas are malignant tumors mainly affecting children and adolescents. The disease is accompanied by pain and swelling of the bone. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. In addition, targeted therapy and stem cell transplantation can be effective.
With Ewing's sarcoma, bone tumors form, and very rarely, a mass occurs in soft tissues (fat, muscles). Ewing's sarcoma is the 2nd most common type of bone cancer in childhood and adolescence. The disease is more common in boys and usually grows in the second decade of life.
Sarcoma often affects the bones of the small pelvis, hip, and lower leg. Symptoms are pain, especially during movements. If the tumor develops in the spine, paralysis may occur.
To diagnose Ewing's sarcoma, doctors first perform x-rays and MRIs. A tissue sample from the tumor is then needed for examination in a laboratory (biopsy). Finally, CT and bone scintigraphy are needed to detect metastases.
The main treatments for Ewing's sarcoma are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. In the initial stages, oncologists perform chemotherapy to shrink the tumor and destroy small metastases. The next step is a combination of chemotherapy with surgical removal of the tumor or radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is usually helpful when the sarcoma cannot be removed entirely or the tumor is inoperable.
At advanced stages, oncologists resort to adjuvant chemotherapy (the course is carried out after surgery or radiation). In addition, targeted therapy fights cancer cells when sarcoma recurs. Finally, doctors sometimes recommend a stem cell transplant in addition to chemotherapy.
Where can I get Ewing's sarcoma treatment?
What are the best clinics for Ewing's sarcoma treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Ewing's sarcoma?
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Rudiger von Eisenhart-Rothe from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Christian Willy from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin
Prof. Dr. med. Oliver Hauschild from Park Clinic Weissensee Berlin