Upper respiratory infections treatment
Upper respiratory infections are illnesses that affect the mucous membranes of the nose, sinuses and throat, causing inflammation. However, these diseases are contagious and transmitted through respiratory droplets or hand-to-hand contact. Treatment options include pills to eliminate the pathogen and to relieve symptoms (antitussive, vasoconstrictor drops, anti-inflammatory and others).
Upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) include all disorders that affect the functioning of the respiratory tract. URTI is typical during the autumn and winter months. The triggers are usually viruses (more than 200 types), while airborne bacteria and fungi are less common.
You get infections when a pathogen enters your respiratory system through the nose or mouth. Airborne droplets spread diseases - a sick person spreads germs by sneezing and coughing.
Respiratory infections are widespread diseases. According to statistics, adults get sick about two to four times, and children about six times a year.
There are external influences that may favour the development of respiratory infections.
- Cold or damp cold weather;
- Dry air and low humidity;
- Exhaustion of the body;
- Contact sick people.
- Weakened immune system.
Acute upper respiratory tract infections include:
- The flu;
- Rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa, runny nose);
- Rhinosinusitis (inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses);
- Otitis media (inflammation of the middle ear);
- Pharyngitis and tonsillitis (inflammation of the pharynx and pharyngeal tonsils, respectively).
Typical symptoms of an acute URTI are:
- Sore throat, pain when swallowing;
- Discharge from the nose or ear;
- Disturbed nasal breathing;
- Nasal congestion;
- Runny nose;
- Hoarseness of voice;
If the cause is known, doctors recommend antivirals, antibiotics, or antifungal drugs. For most upper respiratory infections, treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms. Nasal drops and sprays help relieve a runny nose and congestion. ENT doctors also recommend antitussive tablets and analgesic throat sprays. It is essential to stay in bed and drink plenty of fluids. URTI usually lasts one to two weeks. They often heal themselves. However, sometimes they can become complicated and move to the lower respiratory sections.
Where can I get Upper respiratory infections treatment?
What are the best clinics for Upper respiratory infections treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Upper respiratory infections?
Prof. Dr. med. Markus Jungehulsing from MEOCLINIC Berlin
Prof. Dr. Sami Katircioglu from Memorial Sisli Hospital Istanbul
Dr. med. Emil Zenev from PAN Clinic Cologne
Dr. med. Herbert Eichwald from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin
Prof. Dr. med. Barbara Wollenberg from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich