Squamous cell carcinoma treatment

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Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor affecting the skin and mucous membranes. The disease is considered the second most common aggressive skin cancer. However, the prognosis for recovery is quite good. Treatment options include surgery, laser and cryotherapy, and chemotherapy.

Squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant slow-growing tumor on the skin. Men have this type of cancer more often than women. The average age of patients is about 70 years. Intense and prolonged ultraviolet radiation is the leading cause of the disease. In addition, other factors can also increase the risk of a tumor:

  • HPV infection;
  • Elderly age;
  • Light and sensitive skin;
  • Weakened immunity.

In squamous cell carcinoma, 80% of cases occur in places exposed to the sun, such as the face (lips, nose), head, ears, arms, and legs. Less commonly, the tumor occurs in the mouth or on the genitals.

Symptoms are often invisible initially. In the initial stages, a painless spot appears on the skin that peels off. Over time, the spot develops into a nodule, which can sometimes burst, ooze, or bleed.

A so-called biopsy, in which a small sample of tissue is examined in a laboratory under a microscope, confirms the diagnosis of carcinoma. Then, depending on the size of the skin tumor, dermatologists conduct additional examinations: ultrasound, CT, or MRI. In this way, doctors check for metastases. There is a risk of squamous cell carcinoma metastasis, but this occurs only in 5% of cases.

In most cases, doctors remove squamous cell carcinoma through surgery. In addition, physicians may use radiation therapy after surgery to reduce the risk of recurrence.

Alternatively, oncologists may offer laser or cryotherapy to destroy the malignant cells. The high-precision laser causes damage to the tumor tissue, which forces the cells to die. Cryotherapy destroys malignant cells through severe cooling. If surgical removal is not possible, chemotherapy is a possible alternative. Oncologists recommend radiation therapy if the squamous cell carcinoma is in a hard-to-reach place or if the disease has metastasized.

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7 countries and 51 cities for Squamous cell carcinoma