Sleep disorder treatment

We found 26 clinics & 31 doctors for Sleep disorder Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 444 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Sleep disturbance syndrome can be an independent disorder and accompany other diseases. More than 54 diseases of the nervous system, psyche and internal conditions are manifested by sleep disturbances: difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently, having unpleasant dreams, and not feeling better when you wake up. A therapist, neurologist, somnologist or psychiatrist helps to understand and treat these conditions.

Sleep disorders can manifest in different ways: a problem falling asleep, excessively sensitive sleep, restless sleep (frequent awakenings), short or, on the contrary, sleep lasting more than 10-11 hours in a row. For the best understanding of how these violations can manifest, it is worth considering the most common of them:

  • Insomnia is a clinical syndrome characterised by nighttime sleep disorders (difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakenings, a feeling of "surface" sleep, etc.). It is also related to daytime wakefulness problems: fatigue, drowsiness, impaired attention, and social dysfunctions.
  • Sleep apnea is when the body's oxygen level is critically reduced (hypoxia occurs), which forces you to wake up at night. Apnea is a rather dangerous condition that requires treatment. In cases of respiratory arrest during sleep, it is possible to use oxygen masks, sometimes surgical intervention.
  • Hypersomnia is a pathological condition of the body in which the patient notes increased sleepiness. It can develop as a complication in the course of many diseases, most often - diseases of the nervous system.
  • Kleine-Levin syndrome is diagnosed when repeated episodes of hypersomnia are associated with behavioural disturbances such as compulsive overeating, hypersexuality, irritability, and aggressiveness. It also includes cognitive disorders such as feelings of derealisation, confusion, and hallucinations.
  • Parasomnia is a sleep disorder manifested by sleepwalking, unusual movements or behaviour during sleep.
  • Narcolepsy, or sudden sleep attacks, can manifest as severe fatigue or sleep without warning. Sleep paralysis also occurs when a person feels unable to move his muscles for some time after waking up. Narcolepsy can be an independent disorder or a sign of other diseases, for example, multiple sclerosis.
  • Cataplexy is a disease that causes a short-term relaxation of the body's muscles. As a result, a person can fall sharply or change his body position.

Stress, emotional overload, excessive anxiety, and fatigue often harm sleep quality. In addition, allergies, colds, and upper respiratory infections that make it hard to breathe through the nose can also make it difficult to sleep.

A doctor who studies sleep - neurologists and somnologists, analyses sleep with the help of polysomnography. This diagnostic method includes simultaneous registration of electroencephalography, ECG, electromyography, audio monitoring of snoring, and studying body movements, legs, breathing movements, body temperature, blood pressure, and pulse.

Treatment for sleep disorders depends on the type and its cause. However, therapy mainly involves prescribing medical drugs for sleep disturbances, reviewing and changing lifestyle. Medications for insomnia and other sleep disorders may include:

  • Sedatives;
  • Sleeping pills;
  • Melatonin;
  • Drugs for allergies and colds with the stuffy nose (if available);
  • Painkillers and anti-inflammatory medications for chronic pain (if available).
Show more

5 countries and 15 cities for Sleep disorder