Sinus cyst treatment

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Sinuses cysts are benign tumours localised in the paranasal sinuses. These formations are thin-walled capsules filled with liquid. If left untreated, the disease leads to deformation. Diagnosis and surgical treatment protect against serious consequences and minimise the risk of recurrence.

A sinus cyst is one of the most common ENT diseases. According to statistics, up to 10% of people face the diagnosis, but half experience the disease without apparent symptoms. In four out of five cases, the tumour is localised in the maxillary sinus.

The primary source of cysts in the sinuses is mucous membrane inflammation. Often, the formation occurs due to chronic rhinosinusitis. Concomitant factors that increase the risk of cyst development include curvature of the nasal septum, chronic runny nose, and neglected caries.

For a long time, a cyst of the paranasal sinuses can exist without external signs. The symptoms usually are:

  • Dull pains in the forehead and nose;
  • Discomfort and feeling of tissue compression;
  • Girdling pains - when cysts appear in the sphenoid sinus;
  • Constant sinusitis;
  • Increased secretions from the nose during sudden movements.

During colds and acute respiratory viral infections, the symptoms of sinus cysts increase. Therefore, paying attention early and consulting an ENT doctor for professional treatment is essential.

Diagnosis may be complicated because the cyst complaints are similar to inflammatory processes and complications of common colds. That is why it is necessary to carry out the following tests:

  • Rhinoscopy - secretions, swelling and a characteristic shade of the nasal concha are revealed during the examination.
  • X-ray of sinuses - on the picture, cystic formations look like rounded shadows. If radiography does not give an accurate result, computed tomography is prescribed.
  • Puncture (examination of the fluid).

The most common treatment for sinus cysts is endoscopic surgery, so-call functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Computer tomography and X-rays of the affected area are taken to determine the surgical approach.

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