Sigmoid cancer treatment
A malignant tumour in the sigmoid is a reasonably common disease that belongs to the types of colon cancer. It is typical among people aged 40-60, primarily men. Lack of early symptoms and timely treatment often lead to metastases. Doctors offer abdominal surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy combined with targeted treatment.
Sigmoid cancer is a malignant tumour in one of the bowel sections - the sigmoid colon. The disease is diagnosed more often in men between 40 and 60, but women also suffer. Lack of timely treatment quickly can lead to disease spreading.
Improper nutrition and constipation are the risks of sigmoid tumours. Risk factors also include heredity, polyps and other benign neoplasms of the large intestine.
The first signs appear when the tumour increases in size. The following symptoms indicate the presence of sigmoid cancer:
- Constipation and diarrhoea;
- Excessive gases formation;
- Pain in the lower abdomen;
- Painful defecation;
- Mucus and blood in faeces.
Diagnosis of cancer in sigmoid includes a complex of studies:
- Video colonoscopy allows you to examine the intestine from the inside;
- Ultrasound helps to determine the size of the tumour and its exact localization;
- Laboratory tests detect cell mutations for the correct selection of chemical preparations;
- MRI or computed tomography show metastases and the extent of their spread.
In most cases, oncologists use complex treatment of sigmoid cancer, combining surgery with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The operation includes resection of the sigmoid colon with adjacent lymph nodes. In addition, modern devices allow surgeons to provide minimally invasive laparoscopic and robotic (DaVinci) surgical procedures.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can be used before surgery to reduce the size of the tumour and after - to destroy metastases. But, for now, oncologists use not systemic but more precise methods: immunotherapy, chemoembolizations and protons.
Where can I get Sigmoid cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Sigmoid cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Sigmoid cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Roland M. Schmid from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Friess from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Jens Werner from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Julia Mayerle from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich