Sialadenitis is an infection of salivary glands caused by bacteria or viruses. The disease starts with pain, swelling, body temperature and redness in the gland area. Treatment focuses on removing infection and reducing inflammation.
Sialadenitis is inflammation of the salivary gland, which can be primary (independent disease) or secondary (a complication of another condition). The most common is inflammation of the largest salivary gland - parotid (parotitis). In addition, specialists also distinguish sialadenitis of the submandibular and sublingual glands.
Primary sialadenitis is often associated with a viral infection, and various bacteria and fungi cause secondary. Shooting pains in the area of the gland radiating to the ear, temperature rise to 39 °C, and difficulty swallowing are typical signs. In addition, the skin over the gland is hyperemic, loses mobility, and palpation reveals a dense painful formation.
Sialadenitis can also be recognised by the following symptoms:
- Pain when eating and swallowing food;
- Swelling of the face or neck;
- Change in taste sensations;
- The presence of an unpleasant taste in the oral cavity;
- Difficulty opening the mouth.
Treatment consists of antibiotic therapy and measures to correct primary infection. Treatment of sialadenitis involves maintaining oral hygiene:
- brushing teeth after every meal;
- dividing food into small pieces for chewing easier;
- the comfortable temperature of meals.
In the case of suppurations, surgical intervention is the only practical option. Therefore, the surgeons provide the ultrasound crushing procedure or endoscopic surgery. Removal is a last resort, and doctors try to save the salivary glands in most cases.
Where can I get Sialadenitis treatment?
What are the best clinics for Sialadenitis treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Sialadenitis?
Prof. Dr. med. Barbara Wollenberg from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. Jordi Coromina from Teknon Medical Centre Barcelona
Prof. Dr. med. Markus Suckfull from Academic Hospital Martha-Maria Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Markus Jungehulsing from MEOCLINIC Berlin
Prof. Dr. Sami Katircioglu from Memorial Sisli Hospital Istanbul