Rectal cancer treatment
Rectal cancer is one of the most common oncological diseases. The tumour grows into the wall of the large intestine, metastasizes to other organs and causes severe pain and general intoxication. The main treatment methods are still surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. In addition, oncologists also use radiosurgery and immunotherapy.
Colorectal cancer is often used to denote a large intestine tumour, including the rectum. Since the lump of each bowel part has its signs, requiring specific diagnostic and treatment tactics, experts distinguish colon, rectal, and anal cancer. Tumours located at a distance of 15 cm and below the anus are rectal cancer.
About 75% of cases are accidentally diagnosed. In 25%, it is a hereditary disease which runs in families. Therefore, statistics say that about 5-6% of rectal cancer cases are related to genetic mutations.
The following symptoms help to recognize the disease:
- Discharge from the anal canal;
- Pain during defecation (the process of excretion of faeces);
- Gas and stool incontinence;
- Bleeding (blood in faeces);
- Pus and mucus impurities in stool;
- Dysfunction of the surrounding organs (for example, urinary incontinence).
Colonoscopy with biopsy and occult blood tests are primary diagnostic tools for rectal cancer.
Complete tumour removal is the ultimate goal in rectal cancer treatment. First, surgeons provide minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures (through small incisions) or radiosurgery (using the high-precision robotic system CyberKnife). The next stage, in most cases, is radiation, chemotherapy and their combinations. Oncologists also prescribe immunotherapy to activate a patient's immune system against cancer, as well as local embolizations, ablations and cancer vaccines for rectal cancer.
Where can I get Rectal cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Rectal cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Rectal cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Roland M. Schmid from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Friess from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Jens Werner from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Julia Mayerle from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich