Nasopharyngeal cancer treatment

We found 21 clinics & 33 doctors for Nasopharyngeal cancer Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 437 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a relatively rare malignant tumour that affects the area between the mouth and the nose and the paranasal sinuses. Typical symptoms include impaired nasal breathing, rhinosinusitis, and nosebleeds. The oncologists primarily use radiotherapy because cancer is sensitive to radiation. Therefore, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and surgery are the following options.

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a malignant formation affecting the part of the pharynx between the nose and mouth. The disease can simulate epithelial, lymphatic, connective or glandular tissue. Most often, the transformation occurs in epithelial cells (75%). The tumour is called nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Neoplasms are also classified according to their location:

  • Malignant neoplasm of the nasopharynx (on the front, back, or side walls);
  • Malignant neoplasm of the pyriform sinus (a recess between the sidewall of the pharynx and the larynx, which goes into the oesophagus);
  • Malignant neoplasm of the hypopharynx (the lower part of the pharynx);
  • Sinus cancer affects the nasal sinuses (maxillary, sphenoid and frontal).

Although the final causes of the disease are still unknown, among the risk factors, doctors single out smoking, which increases the probability of the disease three times, dietary habits, and living in environmentally unfavourable areas. In addition, most cases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus disease, found in almost all cancer patients with nasopharyngeal cancer. The problem is more typical for men. They develop the disease ten times more often than women. The main number of patients are older people aged 50 and older.

In the first stage, there are no significant clinical signs. In the future, the sensations of nasopharyngeal cancer are similar to inflammatory processes, so the disease is taken as a long-term acute respiratory infection:

  • Stuffy nose, mucous secretions;
  • Pain in the throat and ears;
  • Severe headache and discomfort in the neck.

Since tumours vary in structure, location and affected tissues, treatment is selected individually for each cancer patient. In the first stages, chemotherapy and radiation are usually combined. Often radiation acts directly from the inside, introducing radioactive elements into the nasopharynx. A modern, effective method is considered to be a CyberKnife or proton therapy. At the same time, modern radiation destroys all cancer cells without affecting healthy ones. Surgery is also widely used if the neoplasm is localized and doesn't spread. In addition, oncologists commonly prescribe combinations of immunotherapy medicines and targeted drugs as a second line of therapy.

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5 countries and 13 cities for Nasopharyngeal cancer