Myringitis is an eardrum inflammation caused by bacteria, viruses or sometimes fungi. ENT doctors prescribe drugs to eliminate the infection. Ear washing with antiseptic solutions and drops, anti-inflammatory agents, and physiotherapy are also used in the therapy.
Otolaryngology doctors name the inflammation disease of eardrum myringitis. It often ends with perforation of the tympanic membrane. Physicians distinguish the illness in the following forms: acute myringitis, chronic myringitis, and bullous (hemorrhagic).
Viruses, bacteria or fungi usually cause myringitis. It is the most common complication of otitis (ear infection). SARS, influenza, measles, and pneumonia can also be the cause. Sometimes the disease is driven by trauma - when the integrity of the eardrum is violated.
Patients suffering from myringitis complain about the symptoms:
- Throbbing pain in the ear;
- Decreased or complete absence of hearing;
- Heaviness, discomfort, itching and congestion in the ear;
- Serous or purulent discharge from the ear canal;
- Body temperature, weakness, headache.
Most often, patients visit a doctor only after detecting foul-smelling pus discharge from the ear.
If inflammation of the tympanic membrane is suspected, diagnosis is made by otoscopy. The doctor sees swelling and redness, and accumulated serous fluid or pus. In addition, physicians take an ear swab to determine which bacteria caused myringitis before treating the disease. If there are severe hearing impairments, tonal threshold audiometry is advised.
Typically, for patients with inflammation of the eardrum, treatment includes:
- Medicines (antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal drugs);
- Anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Rinsing the ear canals with antiseptic solutions.
If the patient has extensive inflammation on the eardrum, they are removed surgically. In the second stage, ENT doctors might perform the reconstruction of the eardrum (tympanoplasty).
Where can I get Myringitis treatment?
What are the best clinics for Myringitis treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Myringitis?
Prof. Dr. med. Barbara Wollenberg from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Dr. med. Jorg Heppelmann from Beta Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Hans Behrbohm from Park Clinic Weissensee Berlin
Prof. Dr. med. Markus Jungehulsing from MEOCLINIC Berlin
Prof. Dr. Sami Katircioglu from Memorial Sisli Hospital Istanbul