Hepatocellular carcinoma treatment
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of liver cancer. Often the disease is a result of liver cirrhosis. Patients report pain under the right and weight loss. Primary treatment methods are liver transplantation and surgical removal of the tumor. Alternative options include chemotherapy, radiation, and ablation procedures.
Hepatocellular carcinoma occurs when liver cells (hepatocytes) mutate, multiply uncontrollably, and crowd out healthy liver tissue. It can be one or a group of tumors.
Liver carcinoma is the sixth most common malignant tumor in the world. Men are more often affected than women. On average, it is received by people over 70 years old.
The leading causes are chronic liver inflammation (hepatitis) and alcoholism. In children, the reasons for hepatocellular carcinoma are severe obesity or type 2 diabetes. In addition, there are certain risk factors for developing a tumor in the liver:
- Cirrhosis is excessive scarring of the liver. More than 80% of cases of hepatocellular cancer develop as a result of cirrhosis.
- Hemochromatosis is a congenital disease with excessive amounts of iron in the liver.
A hepatocellular tumor (HCC) is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage with initial symptoms such as:
- Pain or pressure in the right upper abdomen;
- Nausea and body temperature;
- Unwanted weight loss.
With advanced liver carcinoma, the following signs are added: jaundice and fluid accumulation in the abdomen (ascites).
Depending on the tumor grade and size, doctors use various treatments alone or in combination. Physicians remove small tumors with surgery. For a patient with cirrhosis and a severely damaged liver, surgeons can offer liver transplantation. Other treatments slow the tumor growth and relieve symptoms if an operation is not an option. These include chemotherapy, chemoembolization, radiofrequency or microwave ablation (treatment with high-frequency current), and selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT).
Where can I get Hepatocellular carcinoma treatment?
What are the best clinics for Hepatocellular carcinoma treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Hepatocellular carcinoma?
Prof. Dr. med. Roland M. Schmid from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Friess from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Stefan Zeuzem from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University
Prof. Dr. med. Hubert Serve from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University