Epiglottis cancer treatment
Epiglottis cancer is a tumor that develops in the cartilage above the entrance to the larynx. It is slow growing. However, in advanced stages, it can make breathing and swallowing difficult. Treatment options include surgery. Radiation and chemotherapy are in addition to operation.
The epiglottis is an elastic cartilage that closes the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from entering the airways. Epiglottis cancer is the second most common cancer of the neck and head. Older people and males are more likely to suffer from an epiglottis tumor. Therefore, doctors usually diagnose it over the age of 60.
Smoking and alcohol significantly increase the risk of developing epiglottis cancer. Other possible reasons include the following:
- Human papillomavirus (HPV);
- Gastroesophageal reflux is when food moves up from the stomach into the esophagus, causing ulcers.
Epiglottis cancer can cause the following symptoms:
- Voice change;
- Hoarseness of voice;
- Swallowing problems
- Pain when swallowing;
- Coughing up blood;
- Whistling sound when inhaling;
If the tumor is large, doctors may feel it in the neck. Another way to diagnose cancer of the epiglottis is a laryngoscopy. The doctor inserts a special tool into the larynx, examines it with a camera, and takes a piece of tissue for examination under a microscope (biopsy). Additional methods are imaging, such as X-ray or CT.
The choice of tactics for treating epiglottis cancer depends on the tumor size and location. Doctors remove small tumors through surgery. Oncologists may also prescribe chemotherapy or radiation therapy to reduce the size of the bump. In advanced cases, surgeons must remove the affected larynx (laryngectomy).
Where can I get Epiglottis cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Epiglottis cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Epiglottis cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Christian Brandts from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University
Prof. Dr. med. Timo Stover from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University
Prof. Dr. med. Hubert Serve from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University
Prof. Dr. Jordi Coromina from Teknon Medical Centre Barcelona
Prof. Dr. Joan Carles Galceran, Ph.D. from Teknon Medical Centre Barcelona