Anal cancer treatment
Cancer of the anal canal is a malignant tumour in the area of the anus. Most often, it is diagnosed in patients over 50 years old (women predominate). One of the main signs of the disease is rectal bleeding. The main treatment methods combine chemo drugs, radiation therapy, and surgical procedures.
Anal cancer is a rare malignant tumour that develops at the rectum ending - the anus. The average age of patients is 50 years and older. Anal cancer occurs less often in young people under 35 but more often in men.
A malignant tumour in the anus sometimes occurs in women who have previously suffered vulvar or cervical cancer. But most often, it develops in HIV-infected patients.
Anal cancer symptoms are usually specific and include the following:
- Rectal bleeding;
- Itching in the anus;
- Lump in the anal canal;
- Pain in the anus;
- Abnormal secretions from the anus;
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the anal and groin area.
About half of all anal cancer cases are diagnosed in the initial stages before it has spread to lymph nodes and distant organs. In the case of early diagnosis, the disease is successfully treatable. The overall 5-year survival rate for women is over 70%, and for men - about 60%.
The main methods of treatment include radiation therapy or a combination with chemotherapy. As a result, many patients manage to achieve cancer regression. However, oncologists must observe the patient for at least five years.
Anal cancer most often metastasizes to the liver and lungs. In this case, specialists typically offer radiosurgery on the CyberKnife system.
If the tumour is large, grows into the surrounding tissue, or recurs after radiotherapy, surgeons perform a complete rectum removal.
Where can I get Anal cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Anal cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Anal cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Roland M. Schmid from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Friess from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Jens Werner from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Julia Mayerle from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich