Testicular cancer treatment
Testicular cancer is a malignant tumour occurring in the testes (male reproductive organs). Usually, a neoplasm affects only one testis. Diagnosis consists of tumour markers and imaging tests (ultrasound or CT scan) and biopsy. Basis treatment is surgical removal, and additional methods include chemotherapy or radiotherapy and immunotherapy or targeted medications.
Testicular cancer is the uncontrolled growth of mutated cells in one or both testicles. Types of oncology depend on the kind of testes cells. There are germ cell tumours (GCT) and stromal tumours. Stromal tumours can spread from Leydig or Sertoli cells. GCT types are:
- Seminoma - a common testicular cancer, is slow-growth and the most curable.
- Non-seminoma - fast-growth neoplasms include four types (embryonal and yolk sac carcinoma, choriocarcinoma and teratoma).
A testicular tumour is a rare disorder. According to statistics, 1 out of 250 men has this pathology. A tumour can develop at any time in a man's life, often around 30. But in 6% of cases, neoplasms might appear in children and adolescents, and 8% of patients in older men.
In the early stages, testis tumours do not cause any alertness. However, swelling or lump in either testicle can disturb a man after some time. Other signs include pain, discomfort, heaviness or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, breast enlargement or growth and back pain.
The choice of treatment tactic depends on several factors (tumour type, localization, stage), but almost all cases need surgery (resection of a testicle or nearby lymph nodes). Radiotherapy involves using high-energy gamma beams to slow and stop cancer cell expansion. Systemic intravenous chemotherapy makes tumour cells destroy. Modern testicular cancer treatment involves advanced methods like local high-dose chemotherapy and immunotherapy.
Testicular cancer has a high-favourable prognosis. This disease is treated successfully in more than 95% of cases. Moreover, 5-year survivorship is kept at 73-99%, depending on the kind and stage of cancer and the treatment course.
Where can I get Testicular cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Testicular cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Testicular cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Jurgen Gschwend from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Dr. med. Holger Heidenreich from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin
Dr. med. Nathan Kaminski from Urology Clinic Wiener Platz & Grunwald Munich
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich