Retinoblastoma treatment

We found 24 clinics & 37 doctors for Retinoblastoma Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 444 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Retinoblastoma is a malignant tumor that spreads to the retina of the eye. The result is also vision problems. Treatment options include cryotherapy, chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. The prognosis is usually good.

Retinoblastoma is a rare cancerous formation in the eye that almost exclusively occurs in young children. Very often, it develops for up to 3 years. Every year, 200 to 300 children are diagnosed with retinoblastoma.

The tumor multiplies fast and can cause complications such as metastasis, retinal detachment, and blindness. Retinoblastoma is caused by a genetic mutation involved in eye development.

Eye cancer symptoms include:

  • Glaucoma;
  • Strabismus;
  • Convex pupil;
  • Enlarged pupil;
  • Red or inflamed eyes;
  • Poor vision or loss of vision;
  • White pupil (leukocoria). The pupil appears white or cloudy.

An ophthalmologist examines the eyes using ophthalmoscopy. MRI and ultrasound provide detailed images of the eyes. Then, doctors do a lumbar puncture or a biopsy to determine if the cancer has spread to the bones or bone marrow.

Therapy varies depending on the stage of the disease. Treatment for retinoblastoma includes:

  • Chemotherapy stops the growth of cancer cells.
  • Cryotherapy uses intense cold to kill cancer cells.
  • Laser therapy destroys retinoblastoma through heat.
  • Radiation therapy inhibits the growth and reproduction of tumor tissue.

Surgery is rarely used. Doctors remove the eyeball (enucleation) when the retinoblastoma is large. The surgeon can then insert an artificial eye.

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5 countries and 12 cities for Retinoblastoma