Parathyroid cancer treatment

We found 36 clinics & 85 doctors for Parathyroid cancer Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 437 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

The malignant parathyroid tumour usually grows in one part of the glands. Different methods can diagnose the condition - blood tests and markers, imaging (CT, MRI, and ultrasound). Doctors use combined treatment, including drug therapy, surgery and sometimes chemo- and radiation treatment. However, the operation remains a preferred option.

Parathyroid cancer is a malignant tumour of the endocrine gland located behind the thyroid. A tumour can be benign, but a malignancy (parathyroid carcinoma) occurs sometimes. There are some types of this condition:

  • Localized - a tumour is located only in the gland and has not crossed the organ's limits.
  • Metastatic - a carcinoma (cancer) crosses the gland line and spreads metastases to other structures and organs (lymph nodes, lungs, liver, bones).
  • Recurrent - cancer that comes back after treatment.

Parathyroid cancer is one of the rarest diseases. Its percentage is 0.005% of all types of cancer. However, most parathyroid lumps are benign (adenomas). According to statistics, up to 30% of cases of parathyroid cancer have a metastatic variety. Unfortunately, recurrence of the disease occurs in more than 50% of cases. Healthcare providers estimated that the return time of cancer varies from 2 to 20 years.

Sometimes, in the early stages, a parathyroid tumour causes no symptoms. However, in other cases, the neoplasm leads to an increase in the level of calcium in the blood, which is called hypercalcemia. Signs of hypercalcemia and parathyroid gland cancer: lump on the neck, changed voice, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing. Other symptoms are weakness, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, feeling thirsty, depression, pain in muscles or bones, memory deterioration, frequent urination, constipation, and insomnia.

Medication therapy is used to reduce the level of calcium in the blood. Doctors recommend surgical treatment as the primary method for all parathyroid gland tumours when possible. In addition to resection, surgeons remove nearby affected tissues. Radiation therapy is rarely recommended. However, when prescribed, radiation may be given after surgery to reduce the risk of cancer returning or when surgery is impossible. In addition, physicians use chemotherapy in some advanced cases.

A prognosis depends on the time of diagnosis, type of surgery and combination with other treatments. The 5-year survivorship for complete resection of the parathyroid gland is up to 90%.

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6 countries and 19 cities for Parathyroid cancer