Ocular melanoma treatment
Ocular melanoma is a cancer that affects the eye. It can cause vision problems. However, patients have a relatively good prognosis, with a five-year survival rate of 80%. Treatment usually includes radiation and targeted therapy, and sometimes doctors perform surgery.
Melanoma is a type of cancer that originates from the cells that give skin, eyes, and hair color. These cells are called melanocytes, hence the name of the disease.
Ocular melanoma is the most common variety of eye cancer and tends to metastasize. This tumor develops in about 1 in 100,000 people. The risk of the disorder increases with age.
The exact cause of ocular melanoma is unknown. The following factors appear to increase the risk of developing ocular melanoma:
- Light eye color (blue or green);
- Exposure to ultraviolet radiation;
- genetic predisposition;
- Elderly age.
Some patients with melanoma of the eye do not have any signs. Others may have the following symptoms:
- Flashes of light;
- Blurred vision;
- Dark moving spots;
- Flashing lights in sight;
- Watery eyes;
- Loss of peripheral vision in one eye.
Rarely, pain in or around the eye might be a symptom of ocular melanoma.
To diagnose eye melanoma, an ophthalmologist evaluates the condition of the eyes, optic nerves, and structures using ophthalmoscopy. Additionally, doctors may do an ultrasound or an angiogram to look at the vessels in the eye.
Treatment for ocular melanoma depends on several factors, including the location, size, and type of tumor. If the cancer is small, doctors use a waiting tactic.
With the help of surgery, the doctor removes the melanoma and sometimes part of the affected eye structures. In rare cases, when the tumor is large and causes severe pain, the surgeon removes the entire eye, then implants a prosthetic eye.
Doctors can save the eyeball in about 90% of cases thanks to radiotherapy and targeted chemotherapy. These methods destroy cancer cells, reducing melanoma. Also, oncologists can use cryotherapy to freeze tumor tissue.
Where can I get Ocular melanoma treatment?
What are the best clinics for Ocular melanoma treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Ocular melanoma?
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Mathias Maier from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Stefan Eber from M1 Private Clinic Munich
Dr. med. Detlef Deiermann from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin