Laryngeal cancer treatment
Laryngeal cancer is a malignant neoplasm of the tissue lining the surface of the larynx. Uncontrolled growth of the tumour quickly leads to larynx misfunction. Surgical treatment consists of partial (resection) or complete (laryngectomy) removal of the larynx. Further treatment might require radio-, chemo-, immuno-, and targeted therapy.
Laryngeal cancer is a malignant tumour that occurs in the larynx or one of its components, the vocal cords. According to statistics, it is 8-10 times more common in men. Without timely treatment, the pathology can spread to other tissues and organs. Non-invasive cancer (localised within the larynx) is more accessible to treat than invasive (which affects surrounding tissues). Depending on the localisation of the tumour, the following types of tumour are distinguished:
- Supraligamentous (upper part);
- Connective area (middle section);
- Subligamentous (lower part).
One of the main risk factors is bad habits - smoking and drinking alcohol. In addition, unfavourable environmental conditions can cause the development of the malignant process: strong dustiness, high air temperature, high content of soot, phenolic resins, and benzene in the atmosphere.
Symptoms of the disease directly depend on the localisation, but the first signs of laryngeal cancer usually include:
- Tickling in the throat;
- Cough that does not go away for a long time;
- Hoarseness and other voice changes;
- Feeling of a foreign body in the throat;
- Discomfort when swallowing.
As the neoplasm grows, the signs of larynx cancer increase. A sore throat that worsens while eating is a common complaint among patients. Finally, general symptoms of cancer intoxication such as weakness, rapid fatigue, and high body temperature appear.
Treatment of laryngeal cancer without surgery is usually impossible because patients seek medical help when the tumour reaches significant sizes. Surgery in the early stages can be performed by preserving the organ. In advanced forms, laryngectomy (removal of the larynx) is the only option. A vocal endoprosthesis is subsequently used to restore voice functions. Radiation and chemotherapy can be additional options in laryngeal cancer treatment, especially in advanced pathology. New methods include targeted and immunotherapy. However, effective treatment is possible only with a comprehensive approach.
The prognosis directly depends on the stage of the pathology. With early detection, the 5-year survival rate exceeds 90%. With stage 3-4 cancer, this indicator drops to 30-40%.
Where can I get Laryngeal cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Laryngeal cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Laryngeal cancer?
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Barbara Wollenberg from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Stefan Eber from M1 Private Clinic Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Markus Suckfull from Academic Hospital Martha-Maria Munich