Gallbladder cancer treatment
Gallbladder cancer is a rare malignant disorder that develops from the walls of the gallbladder. Frequent signs are an increase in the liver, a tumour-like formation in the abdomen, gastric dyspepsia, and pain in the gallbladder. A laparoscopic operation is the best treatment option. Doctors also use radio, chemotherapy, and targeted drugs for certain cases.
Gallbladder cancer is a malignant formation that occurs from the tissues and cells of the gallbladder. The disease is rarely diagnosed but seriously threatens the health and life of the patient. The malignancy is more common in women after 50 years. In 70% of cases, it is represented by adenocarcinoma, in other cases by papillary or squamous cell cancer.
If gallbladder cancer is diagnosed, the causes in most cases lie in diseases of the organ (gallstone disease, chronic cholecystitis). However, polyps, cysts, calcinosis, and infectious conditions (salmonellosis, etc.) can also provoke a tumour.
The first signs are no different from the symptoms of other gallbladder diseases. It usually complicates the early diagnosis. Often, oncology is discovered by accident during diagnostic procedures. The following symptoms of gallbladder cancer are most often observed:
- Pain in the right upper part of the abdomen;
- Jaundice (yellowness of the skin and eyes);
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Skin itching;
- Change in the colour of faeces and urine.
Specialists use a comprehensive approach to the diagnosis. Often, the examination begins with an ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. It helps to detect the neoplasm and its localisation, but the key role is given to the computer and magnetic resonance imaging. Various laboratory tests are also mandatory, including analysing tumour markers for gallbladder cancer.
Treatment is selected individually depending on the stage of the disease. In most cases, surgical intervention (minimally invasive laparoscopy) is used. Often, not only the gallbladder is removed, but surrounding tissues, in particular, part of the liver and lymph nodes. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are additionally used. If the cancer is inoperable, treatment aims to eliminate jaundice and relieve symptoms.
The prognosis for this disease is disappointing. Since the tumour is detected late, the five-year survival rate does not exceed 25-30%.
Where can I get Gallbladder cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Gallbladder cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Gallbladder cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Roland Ladurner from Academic Hospital Martha-Maria Munich
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Roland M. Schmid from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Prof. Dr. med. Helmut Friess from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich