Epididymis cancer treatment
Epididymis cancer is a rare malignant tumour from male reproductive organs above the testicles. The process can be unilateral or bilateral. Treatment involves surgery to remove the organ and lymph nodes, while the prosthesis can be done after the operations. To reduce the tumour, doctors can use radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
An abnormal growth of epididymis cells which forms a tumour is called epididymis cancer. Doctors classify the disease as primary (developing initially in the epididymis) or metastatic from testicular cancer. Although cancer on the epididymis is rare, the incidence is up to 0.03% of all cancers in men. A malignant process might occur in men, from puberty to old age. However, the average age of diagnosis is 30-40 years.
The first signs of epididymal cancer include the formation of a minor, painless lump, usually up to 3 cm in size. Then, as a rule, men themselves discover this neoplasm. Next, it is bumpy with an uneven surface. Finally, pain and swelling appear in the upper part of the testicle at the advanced stage.
Urologists consider surgery the main and the most effective treatment solution. Doctors remove the testicle with the epididymis after the biopsy. In such cases, men are given hormone replacement therapy to substitute the missing hormones. In some cases, tumour resection can be possible without removal of the testicle, followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy. As the final step of the treatment patient can be offered a testicular or epididymis prosthesis to restore the cosmetic appearance.
The prognosis for epididymal cancer is generally good. Most cases are curable if diagnosed and treated accordingly. At stages I-II, the 5-year survival rate is up to 95%. However, more advanced cancer stages decrease survivorship to 70-80%.
Where can I get Epididymis cancer treatment?
What are the best clinics for Epididymis cancer treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Epididymis cancer?
Prof. Dr. med. Jurgen Gschwend from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Dr. med. Holger Heidenreich from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin
Dr. med. Nathan Kaminski from Urology Clinic Wiener Platz & Grunwald Munich
Prof. Dr. med Harald-Robert Bruch, MSc, PhD from Oncological and Haematological Praxis Clinic Bonn
Prof. Dr. med. Florian Bassermann from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich