Adrenal cancer treatment

We found 28 clinics & 64 doctors for Adrenal cancer Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 444 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Adrenal gland cancer is a rare type of malignant disease affecting the glandular tissue. The tumour usually becomes noticeable when patients have hormonal changes. The most dangerous forms metastasise to the liver and lungs. The primary treatment methods are chemotherapy, surgical removal of the affected adrenal gland, radiotherapy, ablation, immuno- and targeted drugs.

Adrenal cancer is a malignant process that forms in the medullary or cortical layer of the glands. As a result, adrenal glands lose the ability to produce the necessary amount of hormones, which breaks the hormonal balance. Oncologists report that the condition progresses rapidly and aggressively, with early metastases.

Doctors are still debating what exactly causes adrenal cancer. It could develop due to a hereditary predisposition if endocrine tumours were in relatives. Some adverse risk factors that provoke cell mutations have also been noted.

The symptoms in males and females are slightly different. When women develop adrenal gland cancer, the symptoms are manifested in the following signs:

  • Irregular menstrual cycles;
  • The voice becomes rough;
  • Excess hair appears on the face and body;
  • Head baldness.

Men's adrenal gland cancer symptoms are increased penile atrophy, decreased testicles, lowered libido, and reduced potency. It also can sometimes lead to changes in appearance: fat deposits on the abdomen, the face and back. The legs and arms, on the contrary, lose weight.

To determine whether the cancer is active, the doctor prescribes a comprehensive examination for the patient: hormonal tests; kidney, pelvis and retroperitoneal space ultrasound; CT and MRI - scans.

Specialised urological and oncological centres agree that surgery is a primary treatment method. Laparoscopic surgery is performed with minimal trauma, as access is carried out through punctures in the abdomen. Other less traumatic, progressive techniques are CyberKnife and robotic surgery with the DaVinci system. Various types of ablation can be modern and effective alternatives to surgical interventions. For example, intervention radiologists offer radiofrequency ablation, microwave, and ethanol ablations.

Urologists usually frequently combine the surgical solution with drug treatments, including radiation therapy (systemic or local irradiation of the tumour), chemotherapy (administration of anticancer drugs), immunotherapy (activates the patient's immune system to destroy malignant cells), and targeted therapy (the targeted action of drugs on specific proteins and compounds of adrenal cancer cells).

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6 countries and 16 cities for Adrenal cancer