Hydrocephalus treatment

We found 20 clinics & 21 doctors for Hydrocephalus Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 437 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Hydrocephalus is a fluid accumulation in the brain. This disorder is associated with childhood because most cases of hydrocephalus are diagnosed in kids. However, adults are not resistant to this disease. Diagnosis is made by imaging (CT and MRI), neurological examination, and lumbar puncture. Treatment tactics involve surgery (shunt surgery) and drug therapy to improve symptoms.

Hydrocephalus is a medical disorder indicated by brain damage due to cerebrospinal fluid accumulation (CSF) in its structures. Depending on where the CSF collects, doctors classify the disease into external (subarachnoid space), internal (cerebral ventricles) or mixed. Other divisions of hydrocephalus include:

  • Congenital - occurs in newborns as a consequence of infection during pregnancy or trauma during childbirth.
  • Acquired - reasons are traumatic brain injury, brain tumours, infectious brain diseases that affect the nervous system, and an acute cerebrovascular accident (stroke).

Approximately 50% of cases of fluid in the brain are congenital. More than 500 births annually end up with hydrocephalus. Enlarged ventricles entail pressure on surrounding tissues and nerve endings in the brain. It causes neurological symptoms:

  • Sleeplessness, irritability;
  • Nausea, vomiting, headache;
  • Balance disorder, memory loss;
  • Developmental delay (in children);
  • Downward displacement of the eyeballs;
  • Confusion of consciousness, convulsions.

Many symptoms appear due to increased intracranial pressure. With a congenital form of hydrocephalus in children, the head enlarges. As a result, such kids are sluggish, lethargic, refuse to eat, constantly cries, and convulsions occur.

Shunt surgery is the only effective treatment option for hydrocephalus. With the help of a thin tube (shunt), neurosurgeons remove excess fluid from the cranial cavity. Medical therapy is carried out in addition to the operation. It includes diuretic drugs to reduce intracranial pressure.

The prognosis for hydrocephalus is good. The mortality associated with the condition has dropped to 5%. However, without the necessary treatment, the prognosis is poor since the neurological symptoms of hydrocephalus become irreversible and threaten mental retardation and disability.

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5 countries and 14 cities for Hydrocephalus