Our team prepared a quick overview of the most prevalent health issues. As a result, disease outlook, diagnosis, standard therapy, new treatment solutions and statistics are structured in one place.
The human cornea is the transparent outer lens of the eye. It usually has a ball-like shape. In keratoconus, the cornea thins and bulges into an irregular cone shape, resulting in loss of vision. Keratoconus occurs in around one in 2,000 people. Usually, the disease begins during puberty and progresses to the middle of 30 years of age. It is impossible to foresee how the disease will progress. The corneal change usually affects both eyes, with one more affected than the other.
Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of rare, genetic eye diseases. All these diseases affect the eye's retina and its light perception. The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye and is sensitive to light. Retinitis pigmentosa causes cells in the retina to slowly break down, causing a steady loss or deterioration of vision.
The optic nerve plays a critical role in the conduction of a visual image from the eye retina to the brain. The eye's nerve is located in the centre of the retina and is a round or oval area with a diameter of 1.5 to 2 mm. The nerve carries over a million nerves that connect the retina (the eye layer that carries the visual cells) to the occipital lobe (the part of the brain that interprets vision) like a cable.
To understand the disease of the retina, you must first understand what the retina is. The retina is a layer of nerve cells that lines the back wall inside the eye that senses light and sends signals to the brain so a person can see. The retina is attached to the back of the eyes by a clear gel called the vitreous body. This gel is located inside the eyeballs and maintains a round shape. Sometimes, the vitreous body in the eyeball may begin to shrink or become smaller. It causes the eyeball to change its shape, pulling the retina.
Spina bifida, a Latin term meaning "split spine," is a congenital disability that occurs when part of a child's spine does not form properly. The neural tube begins to form early in pregnancy and closes about 4 weeks after conception. Spina bifida happens when the spinal cord or brain does not fully develop. It can appear anywhere along the spine and is usually seen at birth. The split may arise as a sac of fluid that has grown outside of the body on the spine.