Keratitis treatment

We found 17 clinics & 17 doctors for Keratitis Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 437 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea - that manifests as light sensitivity, uncontrol eyelid twitching, and redness. Usually, the disease will require medications (antibacterial, antifungal eyedrops). However, severe cases might end up with corneal transplant surgery.

Keratitis is an inflammatory process in the eye's cornea, which can be triggered by infection or trauma. There are three types of keratitis depending on the cause:

  • Traumatic can develop as a result of a foreign body hitting the cornea or after its removal.
  • Allergic keratitis is the body's response to exposure to an allergen.
  • Various microorganisms can cause infectious keratitis.

Ophthalmologists also distinguish keratitis depending on the localisation. Superficial keratitis most often develops as a complication of conjunctivitis and does not penetrate deeply. Deep keratitis (due to syphilis, tuberculosis, malaria, or brucellosis) is distinguished by focal or diffuse infiltration of the deep layers of the cornea without a tendency to ulceration. Interstitial keratitis is inflammation of the corneal stroma. Eye Specialists also point attention to keratoconjunctivitis as a lesion not only of the cornea but also the spread of the process to the conjunctiva. At the same time, photokeratitis occurs due to exposure to the eye of light rich in ultraviolet rays.

Common symptoms of any keratitis are photophobia, the sensation of a foreign body, discomfort in the eye, decreased vision, cutting feelings in the eye and headache. In addition, the transparency of the cornea (and therefore visual acuity) is impaired. The progression of the disease can also lead to the formation of сorneal ulcers (defects with purulent infiltration).

The primary treatment method for keratitis is drugs that eliminate the inflammatory process. For example, bacterial keratitis requires the use of broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs. The allergic form is treated by removing the allergen and prescribing hormonal agents.

If medical treatment does not result, the disease progresses, or ulcers appear, surgical treatment methods are used. The primary surgery for keratitis treatment is laser coagulation. Laser intervention helps to speed up the regenerative processes, reducing the formation of scars. In addition, keratoplasty removes affected areas of the cornea and replaces them with donor or artificial ones.

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5 countries and 10 cities for Keratitis