Iris disorders treatment
The iris is a round diaphragm with an opening (pupil) in the centre, which regulates the light entering the eye. Any portion of the iris, including the uvea and retinal part, can become damaged or infected. Treatment depends on the nature of the disease and may include medication, surgery, and physiotherapy.
The iris is the pigmented eye structure between the cornea and the lens. The primary function of the iris is to provide optimal vision. The human eye is constantly exposed to changes in lighting conditions. For this reason, continuous compensation through the eye allows us to see the objects not as blurry but clearly.
The iris, like the eye, is affected by common diseases. In addition, infectious and non-infectious, allergic, postoperative, post-traumatic, or unknown reasons lead to iris disorders.
Iritis, cyclitis or iridocyclitis occurs especially often. In these cases, the iris, ciliary body or both become inflamed. Consequences - are blurred vision and increased sensitivity to light. The inflammation can be acute or chronic and manifest as anterior uveitis or lens-induced iridocyclitis.
Typical and common diseases of the iris:
- Iris, ciliary body or pupillary margin degeneration;
- Adhesions of the iris to the cornea or pupil;
- Neovascularization (rubeosis)of iris or ciliary body;
- Cysts in iris, ciliary body and miotic pupillary cyst;
- Iridoschisis is a detachment of the anterior mesodermal sheet of the iris;
- Trauma: hyphaema, iris recession, iridodialysis;
- Disorders of pupillary: pupillary membranes, occlusion, and seclusion.
At the first signs of the disease, patients complain of eye pain, and vision may deteriorate - the so-called "diaper" occurs. If it is an acute process, the pain can become unbearable. In addition, photophobia and narrowing may develop.
If the patient has painful sensations when lightly pressing on the eyeball, this is also a characteristic sign of iridocyclitis. The symptoms can also be the following: the colour of the iris changes. It becomes greenish, pink or red.
Eye pathologies are diagnosed by ophthalmoscopy. In doubtful cases, the correct diagnosis is facilitated by ultrasound diagnostic methods and fluorescent angiography. Before starting the treatment, the patient must pass urine and blood tests and undergo an examination by the relevant specialists to identify the causes of the iris disease.
The main goal of treatment is not only to prevent fusion but also to accelerate resorption, remove extra fluid from the eye chamber, and reduce inflammation. In addition, ophthalmologists prescribe antiviral agents, various antibiotics, hormones in the form of drops or ointments, and drugs to dilate the pupils. Depending on the disorder and progression, laser surgery or transplantation may be necessary. Physiotherapy methods of treatment are also effective in most cases - heating, use of special UHF devices, electrophoresis.
Where can I get Iris disorders treatment?
What are the best clinics for Iris disorders treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Iris disorders?
Prof. Dr. med. Mathias Maier from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Dr. med. Detlef Deiermann from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin
Prof. Dr. med. Thomas Kohnen from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University
Prof. Dr. med. Siegfried Priglinger from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich
PD. Dr. med. Ira Seibel from Helios Hospital Berlin-Buch