Corneal disorders treatment

We found 17 clinics & 17 doctors for Corneal disorders Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 444 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

The cornea is an outer transparent layer of the eye in front of the pupil. Cornea disorders are one of the most frequent and severe diseases, leading to reduced visual acuity, photophobia, and pain. Treatment options range from medications (antibacterial, hormonal and moisturising drops and ointments) to surgical methods (cross-linking, laser and keratoplasty).

The cornea is a transparent spherical part of the outer shell of the eye through which light enters the eye. Any violations of the shape and configuration of the cornea, its transparency and integrity lead to a decrease in visual acuity, photophobia, lacrimation and eye pain.

The most common corneal lesions are household and industrial traumas (corneal injury, rupture or deformity), burns, and corneal lesions resulting from age-related and genetic changes (hereditary corneal dystrophy). In addition, complications related to violation of hygiene regime, use of contact lenses and consequences of ophthalmological operations also have an effect. According to WHO, corneal diseases are among the top three causes of vision loss.

Keratoconus (corneal fold) and Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy are the most common dystrophic diseases of the cornea. Corneal pigmentations and deposits can be independent diseases or symptoms of other pathologies. For example, kayser-Fleischer ring (copper deposition), Krukenberg spindle (melanin pigment forming), haematocornea (accumulation of blood) and Staehli line (line of iron deposition) are among them.

Corneal diseases that have not been treated often lead to complications such as сorneal opacity (adherent leukoma), scar, oedema, ectasia and staphyloma, descemetocele and cornea erosion.

For diseases of the cornea, in addition to the primary eye examination, it is necessary to carry out the following special studies:

  • Optical pachymetry and corneal topography make a three-dimensional analysis of the configuration of the cornea.
  • Optical coherence tomography of the cornea allows ophthalmologists to quickly examine the thickness of the cornea and evaluate its structure.
  • Endothelial microscopy provides crucial information about the condition of the cornea's inner layer.

Ophthalmologists can treat most diseases if qualified medical help is sought on time. Patients may carry out anti-inflammatory treatment and use contact lenses to reduce discomfort. With severe manifestations of corneal diseases, it is necessary to resort to modern surgery techniques (femtosecond lasers and corneal cross-linking). The keratoplasty uses a keratobioimplant to restore the correct shape and structure of the cornea (partial or complete replacement of the damaged part of the cornea).

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5 countries and 10 cities for Corneal disorders