Conjunctivitis is an inflammatory disease of the lining of the eyes. The primary cause of the disease can be bacteria, viruses, fungi, and allergens. Therapy options are varied and depend on the type of conjunctivitis. As a rule, ophthalmologists prescribe antibiotics, hormones, and antiallergic drugs in the form of drops and ointments.
The conjunctiva is a delicate mucous membrane covering the eyes and eyelids' inside. It moisturizes the eyes and creates a protective film. Inflammation of the conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis (also named pink eye). Usually, acute conjunctivitis heals within a few days. However, doctors talk about chronic conjunctivitis if the illness lasts longer than four weeks.
Ophthalmologists classify the disease into the following types:
- Viruses and bacteria cause infectious conjunctivitis.
- Non-infectious conjunctivitis can be allergic (reaction to dust, pollen, wool, cosmetics) or non-allergic (causes are chemical and physical irritants).
According to statistics, the disease is the most common eye infection, accounting for 30% of all eye disorders. Both adults and children can be affected equally.
The symptoms of conjunctive inflammation vary, but there are standard and typical signs of the disease, which are usually presented:
- Eye redness;
- Itching tearing;
- Light sensitivity;
- Swelling of the eye;
- Retinal haemorrhages;
- Pain and burning in the eye;
- A feeling of a foreign body inside the eye;
- Mucus or pus accumulates in the corners of the eyes.
The choice of therapy depends on the underlying cause. For example, ophthalmologists use antibiotic ointments or drops in the eye to fight bacteria. At the same time, doctors use eye drops containing corticosteroids in severe cases of viral conjunctivitis. Finally, you will get prescribed antiallergic eye drops or tablets for allergic inflammation.
Most types of conjunctivitis have a good prognosis, do not provoke complications, and respond well to treatment. The viral condition passes within 1-2 weeks; the bacterial form is even faster (about a week). However, in rare cases, conjunctivitis can become chronic and persist for months.
Where can I get Conjunctivitis treatment?
What are the best clinics for Conjunctivitis treatment?
Who are the best doctors for Conjunctivitis?
Prof. Dr. med. Mathias Maier from University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
Dr. med. Detlef Deiermann from Academic Hospital Bundeswehr Berlin
Prof. Dr. med. Thomas Kohnen from University Hospital Frankfurt am Main of Goethe-University
Prof. Dr. med. Siegfried Priglinger from University Hospital Ludwig-Maximilians Munich
PD. Dr. med. Ira Seibel from Helios Hospital Berlin-Buch