Conjunctiva disorders treatment

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The conjunctiva, as a protective membrane of the eye, is most exposed to external damaging factors - bacteria, injuries and toxins. Therefore, ophthalmologists pay attention to diseases of conjunctiva leading to vision loss. Treatment options usually include conservative drugs (eye drops) or microsurgical interventions.

Conjunctiva forms the mucous membrane of the eye and consists of a connective tissue base covered with epithelium. It lines the entire back surface of the eyelids and the front surface of the eyeball up to the cornea.

Dysfunction of the mucous membrane of the eye is observed in various inflammatory, degenerative processes, tumours and injuries. In addition, diseases can spread from adjacent areas (eyelids, lacrimal organs, cornea) and react to changes in other organs and systems (atherosclerosis, diabetes, infectious diseases, etc.).

Different formations may appear in conjunctiva: conjunctival cysts, concretions, and aneurysms. In addition to widespread inflammatory lesions (conjunctivitis), ophthalmologists distinguish conjunctival degenerations:

  • Pterygium is a duplicate of the conjunctiva of the sclera near the inner corner of the eye, which has the shape of a triangle.
  • Conjunctival xerosis is a lesion that appears due to a decrease in the production of tear fluid.

Less common are the following rare inflammatory and autoimmune processes:

  • Ocular pemphigoid is an autoimmune inflammatory disease caused by the formation of antibodies to the mucous membrane.
  • Symblepharon is a fusion of the conjunctival membrane of the eyelids and the eyeball.
  • Pseudopterygium is a conjunctival adhesion to the cornea caused by inflammation (unlike pterygium, which is not associated with inflammation).

Treatment depends on the nature and progression of the lesion and is defined by an ophthalmologist. It can be dynamic observation or selecting drops or ointments (antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic agents and tear replacements).

Also, surgical intervention is often needed to correct vision or for cosmetic purposes. Modern eye microsurgery uses a laser, 3D installations, cicatrix lysis, and tissue graft reconstruction. In some cases of damage to the conjunctive or severe burns, stem cells can be indicated.

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5 countries and 10 cities for Conjunctiva disorders