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Prof. Dr. med. Laszlo Kovacs image

Reconstructive urogenital centre

Prof. Dr. med. Laszlo Kovacs
surgery, microsurgery, plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery

About the department

The reconstructive urogenital centre at Urological Clinic Munich-Planegg is led by nationally and internationally recognized specialists in gender reassignment surgery in cases of gender dysphoria (transsexuality). A team of urology, gynaecology, and plastic surgery specialists are working interdisciplinary to achieve the most successful gender transitions. For more than 30 years, transgender surgeries have been a part of the routine interventions of the team, which has further developed and standardized the techniques over the years. As a result, more than 200 "gender reassignments" in female-to-male transsexuality with phalloplasty are successfully carried out every year. Furthermore, more than 100 body-modifying procedures are performed in male-to-female gender dysphoria with neovagina formation per year. The procedures follow the S3 guidelines for gender dysphoria or the guidelines of the MDS (Medical Service of the Central Association of Health Insurance Companies) to ensure a uniform assessment and safe results. 

The department prioritizes surgical treatment of gender dysphoria (MtF and FtM). Additional plastic-reconstructive surgeries are available, such as removing excess fat tissue/skin and breast shaping.

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Treatment and diagnostic focus of the department

Gender reassignment surgery, such as

  • Gender dysphoria operations FtM (trans man)
  • Surgery for gender dysphoria MtF (trans woman)
  • Intimate surgery (correction of the labia minora (labiaplasty), mons pubis modelling, reduction of the clitoris, etc.)
  • Vulva reconstruction, vaginoplasty
  • Phalloplasty (penile reconstruction with pedicled and free microsurgical neurovascular flaps)
  • Facial masculinisation or feminisation

 Breast shaping:

  • Breast lift (mastopexy
  • Breast reduction 
  • Breast reconstruction (mamma augmentation)
  • Mastectomy (breast removal)
  • Liposuction / Lipocontouring
  • Lipotransfer / Autologous fat graft

Removal of excess fat tissue/skin :

  • Abdominal wall correction (abdominoplasty)
  • Arm lift (Brachioplasty)
  • Thigh lift (femoroplasty)
  • Eyelid lift (blepharoplasty)
  • Lymph surgery (lymph node transplantation, lymphovenous anastomoses, vascularized lymph node transplantation)
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Doctor profile


  • 1993 Specialist in surgery
  • 1997 Specialist in plastic surgery
  • Dissertation and promotion to Dr. med., the dissertation title: "Computer-aided quantitative assessment of finger mobility."
  • 2007 Habilitation: “Innovative technologies for the three-dimensional recording and representation of the human body surface and their importance for plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgery.”
  • 2007 Granting of the license to teach in the field of plastic surgery, designation as a private lecturer


  • 1985-1987 Cardiovascular Clinic, Department of cardio surgery Rhoen Clinic, Bad Neustadt ad Saale
  • 1987-1989 St. Elisabeth Hospital, Department of Surgery, Bad Kissingen
  • 1989-1994 Department of Surgery, Passau Hospital
  • 1999-2006 Consultant, Medical Park Rehabilitation Clinic Bad Wiessee, Department of hand rehabilitation
  • 1994-1996 Cologne-Merheim Clinic for Plastic Surgery, reconstructive and hand surgery, Center for severely burned people
  • 1997-2007 Department for plastic and reconstructive surgery, University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
  • 2007 Clinic for Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery, University Hospital rechts der Isar Munich
  • 2014 Appointment as an adjunct professor
  • Reconstructive urogenital centre at Urological Clinic Munich-Planegg

Awards, memberships, publications

  • 1999 Nussbaum-Award of the Association of Bavarian Surgeons
  • 2004 Golden Chamber, the 35th annual meeting of the Association of German Plastic Surgeons
  • 2004 Gold Award, 2nd World Congress on Quality in Clinical Practice
  • 2004 Scientific Award of the Association of German Plastic Surgeons
  • 2006 Edgar-Ungeheuer Award, German Society of Surgery
  • 2008 Medal of Karl Marx von Bauernfeind
  • 2010 Mimics Innovation Award
  • 2013 Best Paper Award - International Conference on Simulation Technology, International Association for the Engineering Modelling, Analysis and Simulation Community World Congress
  • 2014 3rd place at Technical University of Munich IdeaAward 
  • Member of the German Society for Lipedema Surgery
  • Member of the Association of German Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons
  • Member of the German Society of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgeons German Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons
  • Member of the European Association of Plastic Surgeons
  • Member of the International Confederation for Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery
  • Member of the German Society for Senology 
  • Member of the German Society for Surgery 
  • Member of the Minimally Invasive, Computer and Telematics Assisted Surgery Section
  • Member of the Professional Association of German Surgeons 
  • Member of the Honorary Member of the “TechNet Alliance” 
  • Member of the German Society for Computer and Robot-assisted Surgery
  • Publisher and editor of the journal "caMe-Computer Aided Medical Engineering", expert Verlag, Renningen, Germany
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