Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma treatment

We found 19 clinics & 19 doctors for Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma Worldwide. AiroMedical ranks among 437 hospitals based on qualification, experience, success rate, and awards.

Juvenile angiofibroma accounts for 50% of benign nasopharynx tumours. The formation occurs and is diagnosed during puberty, mainly in boys. Typical symptoms are frequent nosebleeds, difficulty in nasal breathing and mucous secretions. The primary treatment is the surgical removal of the angiofibroma.

Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a benign tumour of the inner cavity of the nose consisting of newly formed vessels and connective tissue. It occurs almost exclusively in boys during puberty.

Juvenile angiofibroma makes up 0,5% of all head and neck tumours in teenagers. The lump can also become malignant due to localisation, a tendency to relapse and spread into neighbouring organs.

The earliest and most common signs are:

  • Recurring nosebleeds;
  • One-side nasal congestion;
  • Increasing difficulty in nasal breathing;
  • Hyposmia (decreased sense of smell);
  • Hearing loss in one (more often) or both ears;
  • Increasing headaches;
  • Deformation of the facial skeleton (in later stages leads to displacement of surrounding tissues).

In 10-20% of cases, the angiofibroma can grow inside the skull, causing damage to such vital structures as the optic nerves, brain vessels, and pituitary gland. It leads to insufficient blood supply to the brain, compression of nerve endings and impaired vision (decreased visual acuity, exophthalmos, restricted mobility of the eyeballs, and double vision).

The diagnosis is made by examining the nasal cavity (rhinoscopy). Computer tomography and angiography of the head vessels play the leading role in angiofibroma determination. The complex use of these methods allows doctors to set the localisation.

The disease can progress over several years, but in some cases, it is characterised by rapid growth. Therefore, ENT specialists offer surgical operations as early as possible. To reduce trauma, surgeons use endoscopic methods for tumour removal. They use access to the tumour through natural holes (nose or mouth), the nasal cavity (with an incision under the lip) or the palate.

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5 countries and 13 cities for Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma